Settings Survey Archives

ORLEN Group 2016 Integrated Report

II nagroda specjalna w kategorii Raport Zintegrowany | Najlepszy raport on-line

Environmental responsibility


Our strategy is based on the principles of Corporate Social Responsibility, including those relating to environmental protection. We aim to balance the goals of our stakeholders, reporting the results of our environmental protection efforts. Aware of its environmental impacts, the ORLEN Group takes measures to prevent any environmental damage in the course of its business in keeping with the precautionary principle. Our environmental objectives are set out in the Integrated Environmental Policy adopted by PKN ORLEN.

These objectives are pursued based on the Integrated Management System in place, which comprises the ISO 9001-compliant Quality Management System, AQAP 2120-compliant Quality Management System, ISO 14001-compliant Environmental Management System, PN-N-18001-compliant Occupational Health and Safety Management System, PN-ISO/IEC 27001-compliant Information Security Management System, HACCP Food Safety Management System, International Sustainability & Carbon Certification (ISCC) system, and Factory Production Control System (ZKP).

These systems meet the highest international management standards and support the Company’s day-to-day efforts to ensure professional customer service and maintain top quality, safety, health protection and environmental standards.

The re-certification audit of the Integrated Management System carried out in April 2016 by Bureau Veritas Polska confirmed that our procedures were appropriate and met the reference standards, which resulted in the award of the Integrated Management System Certificate to PKN ORLEN.


In 2016, we continued to implement our environmental strategy for 2013–2017, the key elements of which include:

The key projects and initiatives announced and carried out in 2016 within the framework of the ORLEN Group’s environmental strategy included installation of photovoltaic modules at selected service stations in Poland. Environmental projects pursued in 2016 at the production plant in Płock involved primarily adaptation of process units to the new environmental requirements and standards imposed by the Best Available Techniques (BAT Conclusions). These included both administrative activities, such as preparation and submission of applications to amend the relevant integrated permits, and investment projects to bring the process units in line with the applicable legal provisions.

The most important environmental project completed in 2016 at the Płock production plant was the construction of flue gas denitrification and dust removal units for the on-site CHP plant boilers, as well as construction of a shared flue gas desulfurisation unit. The last boiler (K3) was connected to the flue gas desulfurisation unit. Operation of the unit in 2016 reduced SO2 emissions from the CHP plant by more than 95% year on year.

Major projects carried out at the other companies of the ORLEN Group in 2016 included: construction of DeNOx and DeSOx units and installation of a new system for continuous monitoring of emissions at the T700 power plant of UNIPETROL RPA; construction of a DeSOx unit at the fluid catalytic cracker in the Kralupy refinery, and extension of the systems for continuous monitoring of emissions at the refineries in Litvínov and Kralupy, owned by Česká Rafinérská; adaptation of a power node at ORLEN Południe to applicable laws on flue gas emissions, including reduction of dust emissions.

In Q4 2016, in accordance with its internal regulations, PKN ORLEN remeasured and optimised the financial resources necessary to ensure performance of remediation work on land occupied by fuel facilities. A report was prepared by a team of external experts with extensive knowledge in this field and experience gained in projects completed both at home and abroad. A detailed analysis was carried out to determine the environmental risk of the facilities subject to the audit and the probable costs of removing the effects of environmental pollution. The assessment covered service stations, fuel terminals, storage depots, petroleum production sites, and the Płock production plant.

Reduction of environmental footprint has been the ORLEN Group’s long-standing priority, as confirmed by its numerous green initiatives and good practices, frequently awarded in environmental competitions.

In 2016, PKN ORLEN was distinguished in the ‘Eco-responsibility in Business’ competition.

ANWIL received the ‘White CSR Leaf’ for the second time; it is awarded to companies which declare implementation of all key categories of management recommended by the ISO 26000 standard and make an effort to constantly improve effective management of their environmental impact.


The ORLEN Group pays particular attention to the protection of natural resources across all areas of its operations. This includes water resources, which are always used in a prudent manner.

The ORLEN Group's activities related to water consumption include several elements:

Surface waters were the main water source for Group companies. They are abstracted by the ORLEN Group’s largest companies, namely ANWIL, IKS Solino, PKN ORLEN, ORLEN Południe, Česká Rafinérská, Paramo, ORLEN Lietuva, Unipetrol RPA, and Spolana, and then distributed through water mains to their own production facilities and to other companies’ installations.

In 2016, the ORLEN Group abstracted 82,610,301 m3 of surface water, groundwater and mains water.

The following table presents the amount and type of water abstracted by the ORLEN Group’s largest production unit – the Płock production plant.

At the Płock plant, the Company has in place a system for recycling wastewater as industrial water, which consists in looping the water and wastewater systems, converting wastewater into industrial water (tertiary treatment − coagulation and flocculation accelerators, and quaternary treatment − algae and reed ponds), and using an inhibitor node, in which treated wastewater is inhibited and sanitised by chlorine water. Treated wastewater is used as utility water for washing, cleaning and fire-fighting applications. To make the water fit for feeding into utility and fire-fighting systems, the plants are controlled for cleanliness during leakproof testing. Water carried to the utility and fire-fighting systems is sourced from blowdown of circuits. Condensate from steam circuits is treated and used as high-quality water.

As we use substantial quantities of water, we recycle as much of it as possible for further use.

Water abstracted by the Płock Production Plant in 2015−2016, by amount and type:

Parameter 2015 2016 Increase/decrease
Water drawn from the Wisła river [m3] 24,363,987 23,437,909 (3.8)
Water abstracted from deep water wells [m3] 413629 463206 11.98
Amount of recycled water [m3] 2,418,949 3,147,039 30.1

The amount and quality of abstracted water is monitored. The year-on-year decline in the amount of water withdrawn from the Wisła river (down 3.8%) was attributable to numerous maintenance shutdowns of production units, which reduced demand for water used to generate energy and compensate losses in the cooling systems. However, preparation of the production units for overhauls drove up demand for utility and fire-fighting water, which translated into a 30.1% increase in the amount of recycled water used for that purpose. In 2016, recycled water represented 13.42% of total amount of water withdrawn from the Wisła.

Withdrawal of water and discharge of treated wastewater to the Wisła river in relation to crude oil volumes processed in 2015−2016 at the Płock Production Plant:

The water consumed by the Włocławek PTA plant for its operational purposes is delivered by ANWIL’s external supplier.

Water drawn by the Włocławek PTA plant in 2015−2016:

Parameter Year Increase/decrease
  2015 2016  
Demineralised water [m3] 1,898,542 1,873,478 (1.3)
Industrial water [m3] 68893 47069 (31.68)
Decarbonised water [m3] 2,170,540 2,147,147 (1.1)
Sanitary and drinking water [m3] 5349 5436 1.6
TOTAL – Water delivered by ANWIL’s external supplier [m3] 4,143,324 4,073,130 (1.7)

There were no maintenance shutdowns in 2016, so consumption of industrial water fell relative to 2015 as the consumption of industrial water goes hand in hand with the scope of repair works (including hydrodynamic cleaning of installations, pressure tests).

In 2016, PKN ORLEN S.A.’s distribution facilities (service stations, fuel terminals) abstracted 1,912 m3 of surface water and 69,898 m3of groundwater.

The amount of water abstracted from the environment by the other ORLEN Group companies depends primarily on their production demand; in 2016, it exceeded 55m cubic meters.


Water abstraction at other companies of the ORLEN Group in 2015–2016 [m3]:

Water abstraction [m3]
Intake 2015 2016 Increase/decrease
Surface water 59,408,533 55,779,646 (6.11)
Groundwater 1,929,628 2,026,601 5.03
Mains water 855278 831129 (2.82)
Total1) 62193439 58637376 5.72

1)Data in the table includes water abstracted for own purposes and purposes of other consumers.

The amount and quality of abstracted water is monitored. The lower volume of water abstracted from the environment was due to closing of the ethylene production unit at Unipetrol in the Czech Republic. Furthermore, the companies abstracted 831,129 m3 of mains water from third-party suppliers.


Water abstraction is metered at all companies. PKN ORLEN, ANWIL, ORLEN Południe, ORLEN Lietuva and SPOLANA reused in their production processes a total of 8,137,342 m3 of water, or 9.85% of the total volume of water abstracted by the ORLEN Group.


Emissions and ambient concentrations

Air emissions of pollutants are monitored through periodic or continuous measurements, so that actual emissions can be compared against emission limits defined in the relevant integrated (IPPC) permits on an ongoing basis.

The ORLEN Group’s activities related to emissions include several elements.

Substances accounting for the largest percentage of total air emissions from the ORLEN Group’s installations include: sulfur dioxides, nitrogen oxides, carbon monoxides and dioxides, as well as particulate matter. They are generated mainly from the combustion of fuels to produce electricity and heat, as well as in the refining and chemical processes. There are also process-specific emissions.

Total air emissions, including of carbon dioxide, reached 13,009,402.27 Mg in 2016.

In 2016, periodic measurements of air emissions from the petrochemical, refining and CHP units in Płock and the PTA plant in Włocławek revealed no exceedance of the permitted emission levels from the integrated permits. Similarly, data from the continuous monitoring system installed at the emission sources of the on-site CHP plant were in line with the Minister of Environment’s Regulation on Emission Standards for Installations.

The information and data presented below relate to selected emissions, excluding carbon dioxide, which is reported on in the section Management of greenhouse gas emissions.


Selected air emissions generated by the Płock production plant in 2015−2016:

  Emissions [Mg] Increase/decrease
Substance 2015 2016 [Mg] [%]
Sulfur dioxide 15,501.14 4,567.11 (10,934.03) (70.54)
NOx (nitrogen dioxide equivalent) 5,770.94 4,452.06 (1,318.88) (22.85)
Carbon monoxide 1,673.21 1,500.69 (172.52) (10.31)
Total hydrocarbons 957.95 878.07 (79.88) (8.34)
Total particle emissions1 461.06 371.05 (90.01) (19.52)
Other substances 2 113.90 551.55 437.65 384.24
Total emissions, excluding carbon dioxide 24,478.20 12,320.53 (12,157.67) (49.67)

1) In the 2015 integrated report and earlier reports, the item also included emissions od metals.
2) Other substances - the item also includes emissions of metals disclosed under Total particle emissions in the 2015 report and earlier reports.


Total emissions in relation to crude oil processing volumes at the Płock production plant in 2015−2016:

In 2016, total emissions (excluding carbon dioxide) fell by approximately 50% year on year, mainly on the back of lower SO2 and NOx emissions resulting from highly efficient operation of the wet flue gas desulfurisation, denitrification and dust removal units at the CHP plant. An increase in the emissions of other substances was due to the first-time reporting of the emissions of inorganic acids, their salts and anhydrides, following measurements performed in flue gas duct after the FGD unit.

In 2016, the terephthalic acid production plant (PTA plant) in Włocławek reported a slight increase in main air emissions compared with 2015.


Selected air emissions generated by the PTA plant in Włocławek in 2015−2016:

  Emissions [Mg]
Substance 2015 2016 Increase/decrease
Sulfur dioxide 2.33 2.46 0.13 5.58
NOx (nitrogen dioxide equivalent) 71.63 80.53 8.90 12.42
Carbon monoxide 749.74 874.29 124.56 16.61
Total particle emissions 2.78 2.31 (0.47) (16.88)
Other substances 39.99 36.15 (3.84) (9.60)
Total emissions, excluding carbon dioxide 866.47 995.74 129.27 14.92

At the other ORLEN Group companies, air emissions of individual substances in 2016 went down year on year, with the most significant reduction achieved in carbon oxides.


Air emissions from other ORLEN Group companies [Mg]:

Emissions [Mg]
Substance 2015 2016 Increase/decrease
Sulfur dioxide 18761 17118 (8.76)
NOx 5301 5147 (2.90)
Carbon monoxide 1798 1133 (37.00)
Particle emissions 1239 1144 (7.66)
Other substances 11219 12721 13.39
Total 38318  37263 (2.75)

The reduction in emissions of sulfur dioxide, nitric oxides and dust was achieved on reduced consumption of oil in favour of gas fuel, installation of enhanced control of combustion processes and energy efficiency improvements.

Ambient concentrations

In 2016, air quality monitoring in the vicinity of the Płock production plant covered the same substances as in the previous year: O3, CO, SO2, NO2 and BTX, and was carried out from an automatic monitoring station located outside the plant’s premises − at Junior High School No. 5. The station has been included in the State Environmental Monitoring programme, and atmospheric measurements are automatically sent to the Inspector of Environmental Protection for the Warsaw Province in Warsaw.

Analysis of the 2016 measurement readings indicates that the Company complied with the environmental standards for all measured pollutants, as laid down in the Minister of Environment’s Regulation of August 24th 2012. There were no instances of the maximum annual average concentrations being exceeded for any substance.

At the Junior High School No. 5 station, the average annual SO2 concentration in 2016 was almost 30% lower relative to the year before. This was due mainly to the reduction of SO2 emissions from the CHP plant after the flue gas desulfurisation unit was placed in service.

In the case of the other key substances: NO2 and benzene, the concentrations reported in 2015 and 2016 were comparable.

Besides PKN ORLEN, ambient air quality monitoring is carried out by three companies: ANWIL, ORLEN Lietuva and Česká Rafinérská.

At ANWIL, off-site periodic measurements are taken at two locations to measure the concentrations of vinyl chloride (C2H3Cl) and 1,2-dichloroethane (C2H4Cl2), while on-site measurements additionally cover ammonia (NH3) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2).

ORLEN Lietuva monitors ambient concentrations at four off-site locations, within the so-called sanitary zones. Measurements are taken once a day to monitor the levels of VOCs, benzene (C6H6), toluene (C7H8), ethylbenzene (C8H10), carbon monoxide (CO), hydrogen sulfide (H2S) and nitrogen dioxide (NO2).

Monitoring at Česká Rafinérská covers ambient concentrations of sulfur dioxide (SO2), nitrogen oxides (NO2) and benzene (C6H6). Ambient concentrations are monitored on a continuous basis from an automatic station.

A comparison of monitoring data with permissible levels has shown compliance with legal requirements.

Management of greenhouse gas emissions

Direct greenhouse gas (GHG) emissions (Scope 1) at the ORLEN Group include emissions reported under the EU Emissions Trading Scheme (EU ETS). There are also CO2 emissions not covered by the EU ETS, which totalled 2,035 Mg in 2016. The calculations factor in CO2 and N2O emissions (GWP − 298). There are no biogenic CO2 emissions..

In 2016, greenhouse gas emissions were balanced on a monthly basis for PKN ORLEN’s refinery, CHP plant, Olefins II, ethylene oxide and glycol, and PTA units, as well as other units owned by the ORLEN Group, all of which participate in the Emissions Trading Scheme (ETS). The extent to which the allocated CO2 emission allowances were utilised was monitored on an ongoing basis for each unit. In addition, forecasts were made as to the level of CO2 emission allowances in relation to annual production targets.In line with the Act on Trading in Greenhouse Gas Emission Allowances, free emission allowances were to be transferred to companies in Europe by February 28th 2016, in amounts calculated by adjusting the initial allocation quotas for a cross-sectoral correction factor. The allocated allowances were transferred to installation accounts on February 25th 2016.


CO2 emissions from PKN ORLEN’s installations, and allocation of allowances in 2016:

Installation Emissions
[Mg eCO2]
Allocation of allowances
[No. of allowances]
Actual emissions
Surplus/shortage of allowances
[No. of allowances]
Refinery 2556591 3022672 18191 (2475979)
CHP plant 2942060
Olefins II unit 732701 637034 115,02 (95667)
Ethylene oxide and glycol unit 41467 30701 135,07 (10766)
PTA 92089 114699 80,29 22610
PKN ORLEN 6364908 3805106 167,27 (2,559,802)

Pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council, in order to obtain transitional free allocation of allowances to modernise the power sector, PKN ORLEN, ANWIL S.A. and ORLEN Południe S.A. applied for additional allocation of free CO2 emission allowances for the power sector under a derogation request included in the National Investment Plan. The investment projects undertaken by PKN ORLEN, i.e. construction of the K8 boiler and TG-7 turbine generator at the CHP plant, as well as construction of the CCGT plant in Włocławek, are covered by the National Investment Plan, which is why PKN ORLEN is eligible to apply for additional allowances for the power sector in 2013−2020.


Verified CO2 emissions from other companies of the ORLEN Group in 2015–2016:

  Emissions [Mg CO2]
Company 2015 2016
ORLEN Asfalt Sp. z o.o. 3975 2972
ANWIL S.A. 1187597 1151673
Basell Orlen Polyolefiins Sp. z o.o. 36482 40707
ORLEN Południe S.A. Jedlicze Production Plant 40196 35180
ORLEN Południe S.A. Trzebinia Production Plant (fractional distillation unit) 8272 8746
ORLEN Południe S.A. Trzebinia Production Plant (CHP plant) 80198 82921
Public Company ORLEN Lietuva 1755789 1830717
UNIPETROL RPA 2841185 2491235
Česká Rafinérská a.s. 889418 677662
PARAMO a.s. 36064 36622
SPOLANA a.s. 239568 233445
Total ORLEN Group companies 7118744  6591880 

Other companies’ average annual CO2 emission allowances and their utilisation:

ORLEN Group company

emissions in 2016

Allocation of allowances
[No. of allowances]

Utilisation of allowances

Surplus/shortage of allowances
[No. of allowances]

ANWIL S.A. 1151673 960804 119,87 (190869)
Basell Orlen Polyolefins Sp. z o.o. 40707 62124 65,53 21417
ORLEN Asfalt Sp. z o.o. 2972 10743 27,66 7771
ORLEN Południe S.A. (Trzebinia Production Plant) 91667 47313 193,75 (44354)
ORLEN Południe S.A. . (Jedlicze Production Plant) 35180 18460 190,57 (16720)
UNIPETROL RPA, s.r.o. 2491235 1279465 194,71 (1211770)
Paramo a.s. 36622 48537 75,45 11915
Spolana a.s. 233445 132782 175,81 (100663)
Česká Rafinérská a.s. 677662 819935 82,65 142273
ORLEN Lietuva 1830717 1359259 134,68 (471458)
Total ORLEN Group companies 6591880 4739422 139,09 (1852458)

The results of independent carbon emissions verification were positive for all units of the ORLEN Group. Emissions are monitored in accordance with the methodology applicable to units of that size and described in Commission Regulation (EU) No 601/2012 of June 21st 2012 on the monitoring and reporting of greenhouse gas emissions pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC of the European Parliament and of the Council establishing a mechanism of monitoring and reporting greenhouse gas emissions and activity data pursuant to Directive 2003/87/EC in the trading period beginning on January 1st 2013 and in subsequent trading periods.

In 2016, the CO2 Interdisciplinary Supervisory Team, responsible for effective management of emission allowances and on-going monitoring of EU ETS regulations, prepared documents necessary to ensure proper monitoring and operation of the units.

Utilisation of the allocated allowances is monitored by the ORLEN Group on an ongoing basis. The deficit of credits needed to offset annual emissions was covered with purchased allowances.


Key activities undertaken with respect to waste:

Overall, in 2016 the ORLEN Group generated 175,243.78 Mg of waste, of which 75,304.60 Mg was hazardous waste and 99,939.18 Mg was non-hazardous waste.

57,412 Mg of generated waste was disposed of and 98,534 Mg was recycled. In addition, 2,996 Mg of hazardous waste and 1,634 Mg of non-hazardous waste was landfilled. The largest groups of waste generated by the Płock Production Plant in 2016 were gypsum (22,420.950 Mg), scrap metal (6,032.154 Mg), and spent catalysts (6,718.188 Mg).


Waste management at the Płock production plant in 2015−2016:

  Amount [Mg]  
Waste 2015 2016 Increase/decrease

Total generated waste: of which:

17039 48,215,62 183.0

hazardous waste

8057 10,829,07 34.4

non-hazardous waste (excluding municipal waste)

8982 37,386,55 316.2
Transferred for recycling 14464 47343 227.3
Transferred for disposal 1729 4480 159.1
Stored waste 6184 2577 (58.3)

In 2016, the amount of waste generated by the Płock Production Plant went up 183.0% year on year, the increase being driven mainly by the amount of gypsum from the newly launched flue gas desulfurisation unit. The waste transferred for recycling and disposal in 2016 included waste generated and stored in previous years. Additionally, PKN ORLEN's distribution facilities generated 37.53 Mg of hazardous waste and 2,160.63 Mg of non-hazardous waste.

In 2016, 5,910.888 Mg of hazardous waste and 919.679 Mg of non-hazardous waste was sent for recycling abroad.

In 2016, the Włocławek PTA plant generated 30.5% less waste than in 2015. Waste was managed in compliance with the relevant integrated permit. The largest group of generated waste was waste from the production of terephthalic acid (4,329.98 Mg). In 2016, the waste was transferred to a third-party operator.


Waste management at the Włocławek PTA Plant in 2015−2016:

  Amount [Mg]  
Waste 2015 2016 Increase/decrease

Total generated waste: of which:

6444 4477 (30.5)

hazardous waste

6425 4383 (31.8)

non-hazardous waste (excluding municipal waste)

19 93 389.5
Transferred for recycling 86 139 61.6
Transferred for disposal 6294 4335 (31.1)
Stored waste 67 70 4.5

Both the Płock production plant and the Włocławek PTA plant stayed well within the limits specified in their respective integrated permits.

In 2016, the Płock Production Plant and the Włocławek PTA plant carried out segregated collection of municipal waste.

In total, other companies of the ORLEN Group generated over 120,000 Mg of waste in 2016. Its volumes are presented below, by type.

Quantity of generated waste
Hazardous waste 58842 60055 2.06
Non-hazardous waste 76750 60299 (21.43)
Total 135592 120354 (11.24)

Compared with 2015, in 2016 there was a decrease in the amount of waste generated, mainly non-hazardous waste. This was due to the recognition of gypsum as a by-product of the flue gas desulphurisation process carried out in the Flue Gas Desulphurisation Unit at PKN ORLEN Power Plant launched at the end of 2015. Until the end of this unit start-up and before achieving the required quality parameters, the gypsum generated was waste from the calcium flue gas desulphurisation methods and was classified as such in 2015. In 2016 the gypsum was already a by-product of standard value.

ANWIL, Spolana and ORLEN Lietuva generated much less oil-containing sludge from wastewater separation and demolition waste than in 2015.

In 2016, the ORLEN Group recycled more than 51,000 Mg and disposed of more than 48,000 Mg of waste. The most frequently used recovery methods are regeneration or re-refining of waste oils. Waste disposal takes place chiefly in incineration plants or wastewater treatment plants.


Waste management methods at other ORLEN Group:

The ORLEN Group operates three landfill sites:

  • ORLEN Eko − landfill site for hazardous waste, where residue from the hazardous waste incineration plant is disposed of,
  • ANWIL − landfill site for non-hazardous and inert waste, with special cells for hazardous waste,
  • Spolana – landfill site for hazardous waste, where ashes are landfilled.

Amounts of waste transferred to ORLEN Group’s landfill sites:

PKN ORLEN submits the PRTR report to the Voivodship Inspector for Environmental Protection, which contains information on the release and transfer of pollutants into the air, water and land, and waste disposed to disposal plants or landfills.

In 2016, 11 companies were obliged to meet the reporting requirements concerning waste under the European Pollutant Release and Transfer Register (E-PRTR). Total weight of transferred waste was more than 156,000 Mg, of which nearly 95,000 Mg was transferred by PKN ORLEN.

Waste transfer at ORLEN Group companies:


The ORLEN Group’s activities related to effluents include several elements.

Effluents from all ORLEN Group companies are directed to industrial and rain water sewage systems and then undergo treatment.

The amount of effluent discharged to the environment is metered. In 2016, it totalled 46,045,031 m3 for the ORLEN Group.


Treated effluent parameters at the Płock Production Plant in 2015−2016:

Parameter 2015 2016 Increase/decrease
Effluents discharged to the Wisła river [m3] 13872354 12489077 (10)
COD load in effluents discharged to the Wisła river [kg per annum]1) 797800 795554 (0.3)
Suspension in effluents discharged to the Wisła river [kg per annum] 120689 131135 8.7
Phenol in effluents discharged to the Wisła river [kg per annum]1) 140 175 25

1) gross load

PKN ORLEN operates a highly-efficient central wastewater treatment plant (CWTP), which treats wastewater from offices and social facilities, industrial wastewater and rainfall runoff from the premises of the Płock production plant, including that coming from third-party companies operating on the plant’s premises. All wastewater funnelled to the CWTP is subject to a multi-step treatment process which includes mechanical, physical, chemical and biological treatments. Treated wastewater, meeting the criteria specified in the Company’s water permit, is discharged to the Wisła river. The quality of effluents that may be discharged from any specific unit is precisely defined in a quality/quantity standard, which is updated annually. At PKN ORLEN, some treated wastewater is reused to produce water suitable for various uses on the plant’s premises (other than for human consumption) or for fire-fighting purposes, which considerably reduces the quantity of water abstracted from the Wisła river and pollutant loads discharged into the river with effluents.


Amounts of water abstracted from and effluents discharged to the Wisła river in relation to crude oil processed by the Płock Production Plant, in 2015–2016:

The COD load in wastewater discharged to the Wisła river remained practically unchanged year on year (slight drop of 0.3%) Preparation for production unit overhauls caused a larger inflow of pollution loads to the central wastewater treatment plant (CWTP). In 2016, the phenol and suspension loads discharged to the Wisła river increased by 25% and 8.6%, respectively, relative to 2015, although the reduction rates for those pollutant loads at the wastewater treatment plant remained very high (99.9% and 91%, respectively).

The amount of wastewater discharged to the Wisła river went down by 10% year on year as more wastewater was used to produce utility water and water for fire-fighting purposes. The Płock plant’s increased demand for utility and fire-fighting water was related to numerous maintenance shutdowns of production units.

Pollutant loads in treated effluents discharged to the Wisła river by the Płock production plant in 2015−2016:

At the PTA plant in Włocławek, all wastewater generated in the production of terephthalic acid is discharged into the individual sewage systems of ANWIL S.A. in accordance with the relevant decision of the Marshal of the Province of Bydgoszcz. The decision contains a water-law permit to discharge industrial wastewater containing substances particularly harmful to the water environment from the purified terephthalic acid (PTA) plant into the sewage system owned by Zakłady Azotowe ANWIL of Włocławek.


Amounts and quality of effluents discharged by the Włocławek PTA plant in 2015−2016:

Parameter 2015 2016 Increase/decrease
Effluents discharged to ANWIL S.A.’s sewage system [m3] 1807880 1903453 5.0
COD load in effluents discharged to ANWIL S.A.’s sewage system [kg per annum] 4929696 3860093 (21.7)
5-day BOD load in effluents discharged to ANWIL S.A.’s sewage system [kg per annum] 2104736 2055171 (2.4)
Cobalt content in effluents discharged to ANWIL’s sewage system [kg per annum] 677 396 41.5

The lower COD load in effluents was achieved by replacement of the S-2522A/B filter cartridges during the overhaul in October 2015.
The decrease in cobalt content was attributable to the replacement of ion exchange resins in the cobalt recovery unit during the overhaul in October 2015.

The table below presents volumes of effluents discharged to the environment by other companies of the ORLEN Group


Amounts of effluents discharged by other companies of the ORLEN Group in 2015–2016 [m3]:

  Effluents discharged to the environment [m3]
Effluent type 2015 2016 Increase/decrease
Industrial effluents 29776037 26323123 (11.60)
Other 10137410 7232831 (28.65)
Total 39913447 33555954 (15.93)

The drop in the amount of effluents discharged was related to a temporary shutdown of the Kralupy refinery operated by Česká Rafinérská. ANWIL and Spolana also reduced their volumes of effluents discharged.


Share of each substance content in effluents discharged to the environment:

The substance load in effluents discharged into the environment by other companies of the ORLEN Group totalled almost 50,000 Mg.


Measures taken to ensure compliance with environmental regulations were as follows:

All ORLEN Group companies hold the legally required permits based on which they operated in 2016. Integrated permits and sectoral permits need to be updated on an on-going basis in keeping with the evolving legal environment and business needs. In 2016, new administrative decisions were obtained and certain existing decisions were amended at PKN ORLEN S.A. The formal and legal changes concerned the Płock production plant, the Włocławek PTA plant, and the two new CCGT units: in Płock and Włocławek.

At the regional structures of PKN ORLEN, comprising:

  • CODO stations – service stations selling ORLEN goods and services, service stations excluded from sales but not transferred to separate assets, and service stations transferred to separate assets,
  • Fuel terminals and headquarters of regional structures,
  • Separate assets,

obligations resulting from the environmental law are performed by ORLEN Eko under an agreement supervised by the Environmental Protection Office. In 2016, seven decisions were obtained for fuel terminals (water-law permit for groundwater abstraction, water-law permit for discharge of rainwater and meltwater into the environment, water-law permit for discharge of treated industrial wastewater (mix of rainwater and meltwater, sanitary and process wastewater, and groundwater).

In 2016, 132 required water-law permits for service stations were obtained. With respect to five service stations, applications and water-law surveys were filed with relevant environmental protection bodies and proceedings are pending to issue appropriate decisions.

In 2016, compliance of our operations with the environmental laws was verified by representatives of the Płock and Włocławek Units of the relevant Provincial Inspectorates of Environmental Protection (WIOŚ) during nine environmental inspections.

Two follow-up instructions were issued and subsequently accepted for implementation.

In 2016, 59 inspections were conducted at the regional structures of PKN ORLEN (service stations, fuel terminals, separate assets) by the Provincial Inspectorates of Environmental Protection, County Councils and Municipal Offices.

Provincial Inspectorates of Environmental Protection performed 43 inspections at service stations and issued 9 follow-up instructions with respect to the following areas:

  • Water and wastewater management and wastewater discharge according to standards,
  • Performance of average daily wastewater tests,
  • Performance of operational inspections of rainwater treatment equipment.

At fuel terminals, Provincial Inspectorates of Environmental Protection carried out 10 inspections. One follow-up instruction was issued for the operation of a unit discharging wastewater to surface waters. In 2016, Provincial Inspectorates of Environmental Protection also performed inspections of the BM 23 Olecko and Pałac Srebrna separate assets.

Other companies of the ORLEN Group were also inspected by external bodies for environmental protection, mainly the Environmental Protection Inspection Authority. The inspections focused on whether the environmental requirements imposed by regulations and administrative decisions were complied with. In 2016, 34 inspections were carried out at subsidiaries, including 9 inspections at distribution facilities of Benzina (2 inspections), ORLEN Paliwa (6 inspections) and PETROLOT (1 inspection). In 2016, 52 inspections were carried out at subsidiaries, including 10 inspections at distribution facilities of Benzina (2 inspections), ORLEN Paliwa (6 inspections), Ventus Nafta (1 inspection) and PETROLOT (1 inspection).
They focused on:

  • Water and wastewater management,
  • Waste management,
  • Air emissions and reporting,
  • Soil and water environment.

Investment reviews were also performed at various projects at the final stage of their commissioning.

In 2016, three ORLEN Group companies (Paramo, Unipetrol RPA and ORLEN Lietuva) were fined for breaching the terms of their respective permits for economic use of the environment. The fines were a consequence of industrial accidents, such as unsealing of the sewage system, substance leakage into the environment, and increased air pollutant emissions. The fines amounted to EUR 36,276.

Measures taken with respect to general issues:


The aggregate amount of capital expenditure on environment protection projects incurred by the entire ORLEN Group in 2016 was in excess of EUR 22m.

In 2016, environmental protection spending at the Płock production plant was PLN 55.72m, down by more than 76.4% year on year. Expenditure on environmental protection represented 2.81% of PKN ORLEN’s total capex budget in 2016.

Capital expenditure at the Płock production plant in 2015−2016:

In 2016, the Company completed a very important pro-environmental investment, namely construction of flue gas denitrification and dust removal units at the CHP plant, as well as construction of a shared flue gas desulfurisation unit for all boilers. In effect, the emissions of SO2, NOx and dust have been reduced, while the heat and power source used by the Company reached compliance with the requirements of the Directive on Industrial Emissions (IED) effective from January 1st 2016.

Spending on environmental protection at service stations came close to PLN 3.7m in 2016, down by more than  44% year on year. It covered both capex and non-capex projects, primarily proper water and wastewater management and upgrade work on linear drains, separators at service stations and car washes.

In 2016, other companies of the ORLEN Group also implemented a range of initiatives aimed at reducing energy intensity of the processes and greenhouse gas emissions, and at preventing environmental pollution. Major projects included: adaptation of a power node to the applicable legal regulations on flue gas emissions at ORLEN Południe, preparation of the DeNOx and DeSOx units and installation of a system for continuous monitoring of emissions at the T700 power plant of UNIPETROL RPA, and expansion of hydrogeological monitoring at IKS Solino.

Total spending on environmental protection projects by the ORLEN Group subsidiaries in 2016 amounted to nearly EUR 8.34m.

Environmental fees

Business entities using the environment are required to pay environmental charges, as provided for in the Environmental Protection Law of April 27th 2001. The Płock production plant pays environmental charges for air emissions, abstraction of water, and discharge of effluents to water and soil. The Włocławek PTA plant pays only for air emissions since its abstraction of water and discharge of effluents are performed under a civil law agreement.


Fees for economic use of the environment at the Płock production plant and the Włocławek PTA plant in 2015−2016:

  Total amount [PLN] Increase/decrease
Fee 2015 2016 [PLN] [%]
Total 17,115,703.21 10,348,130.56 (6,767,572.65) (40)
Air emissions 14,719,190.21 8,155,047.56 (6,564.142.65) (45)

Płock production plant

14,512,228.00* 7,935,429.03 (6,576,798.97) (45)

Włocławek PTA plant

206,962.21* 219,618.53 1265632 6
Abstraction of water 1,416,874.00 1,367,459.00 (49415.00) (3)
Discharge of wastewater 979639.00 825624.00 (154015.00) (16)

*Including CO2 emission allowances

In 2016, the charges for air emissions paid by the Płock production plant fell by 40% year on year, mainly as a result of the new flue gas treatment units operating at the CHP plant.


Total fees for the economic use of the environment at service stations, fuel terminals, separate assets, and other PKN ORLEN facilities in 2015−2016:

  Total amount [PLN] Increase/decrease
Fee 2015 2016 [PLN] [%]


1116368.00 431615.00 63
Air emissions 484501.00 862197.00 377696.00 78.0
Abstraction of water 5686.00 9462.00 3,776.00 66,4
Discharge of wastewater 194566.00 244,709.00 50143.00 25.8

In 2016, total fees for the economic use of the environment at PKN ORLEN’s regional units increased more than 60%, with the increase reported for all fee components.

Total fees paid by PKN ORLEN for the economic use of the environment in 2015−2016:

  Total amount [PLN] Increase/decrease
Fee 2015 2016 [PLN] [%]
Total 17800456.21 11,464,498.56 (6,336,429.65) (35.6)
Air emissions 15203691.21 9,017,244.56 (6,186,446.65) (40.7)
Abstraction of water 1422560.00 1376921.00 (46111.00) (3.2)
Discharge of wastewater 1174205.00 1070333.00 (103872.00) (8.8)

Fees for the economic use of the environment at PKN ORLEN in 2015−2016:

In 2016, PKN ORLEN recorded an overall drop in the total amount of fees for the economic use of the environment, down over 35% compared with 2015. This was chiefly due to the reduction of charges for air emissions at the Płock production plant, with the flue gas treatment unit at the CHP plant being the largest contributor

The other companies of the ORLEN Group also pay fees for the economic use of the environment as required by law. In 2016, their aggregate amount exceeded EUR 13m, the largest portion of which was water abstraction charges paid by eight companies other than PKN ORLEN. A significant drop was seen in charges for waste landfilling, attributable to lower amounts of waste disposed of at the landfill owned by ANWIL.

Environmental fees at other companies of the ORLEN Group [EUR]:

Amount [Euro]
Fee 2015 2016 Increase/decrease
Total air emissions 3,031,167 € 3,035,333 € 0.14
Water abstraction 10,664,284 € 9,588,827 € (10.08)
Discharge of wastewater 328,642 € 361,872 € 10.11
Waste landfilling 95,204 € 66,742 € (29.90)
Total fees 14,119,297  13,052,774  (7.55)

Structure of environmental fees [EUR]:

Environmental compensation

A large production company like PKN ORLEN uses the natural environment intensively, one example of which is the preparation of sites for new projects. This process often involves the necessity to remove trees and shrubs in industrial areas. To compensate for those environmental impacts, we embark on numerous pro-environmental projects, including the planting of trees and shrubs on the Company’s own premises and in the town of Płock.

In 2016, 134 trees and 22 shrubs were planted as part of our environmental compensation efforts.

Peregrine falcon restoration project
Since 1999, PKN ORLEN has been actively involved in efforts to restore the peregrine falcon population in Poland, in cooperation with the ‘SOKÓŁ’ (‘FALCON’) Wildlife Protection Association. The peregrine falcon is listed on the Polish Red List of Animals as a CR (critically endangered) species. The programme is a showcase of PKN ORLEN’s long-term environmental initiatives. Our partnership with the ‘SOKÓŁ’ Association is regularly recognised and awarded in environmental competitions.

Under the agreement with the Association, the nest and the falcons are continuously monitored, chicks are ringed, and the box is inspected and maintained outside the breeding season.

Today, we encourage everyone to watch the lives of these wild birds through the nest webcam.

For more information on the peregrine falcon, history of the nest, the programme and the ‘SOKÓŁ’ (‘FALCON’) Wildlife Protection Association, visit

Program Responsible Care (Odpowiedzialność i Troska)

Since 1997, PKN ORLEN has been a member of the Responsible Care Programme, a voluntary global pro-environmental initiative of the chemical industry. Steady improvement of the condition of the natural environment is a measure of the Programme’s success, and continuous dialogue with clients, suppliers, trading partners and local communities is one of the key areas of a company’s contribution to the initiative. Its participants make a public declaration of their intention to improve their performance and are expected to demonstrate their achievements.

Other ORLEN Group companies participating in the Responsible Care Programme include IKS Solino, Basell Orlen Polyolefins, ANWIL, and ORLEN Południe.

In 2016, PKN ORLEN continued its activities under the Programme, and met all the related reporting obligations: reports, indicators, surveys. The information is used to assess the condition of the environment and the progress of the Responsible Care implementation by chemical industry companies that have subscribed to the initiative and are members of the Polish Chamber of Chemical Industry

PKN ORLEN also performed its obligations under the Responsible Care Framework Management System. Under the Programme, PKN ORLEN carried out the projects declared for 2016 in the area of Health, Safety and Environment (HSE). It completed 48 out of the 64 declared projects, while 14 are under way and will be continued in 2017.

Number of projects implemented as part of the Responsible Care Programme in 1997–2016:

Besides reporting and mandatory tasks, the Company continued an initiative to increase employees’ involvement in learning and expanding their knowledge about the ideas behind and guidelines of the Responsible Care Programme, and to raise their awareness of the nature around us. In 2016, the projects carried out as part of the Programme included the ‘Catch the Hare’ photo competition, ‘Tree for a Bottle – New Edition’, ‘I Care for the Environment’ and ‘Nature Watchers’ campaigns.

Activities related to environmental grievance mechanisms included the following:

In 2016, the Environmental Inspection System registered complaints on potential nuisance risks arising from planned and unforeseen events related to maintenance works as well as internal and external interventions.

Number of complaints filed with the Environmental Inspection System in 2014–2016:

Year Planned events Unforeseen events Interventions
2014 68 58 34
2015 97 53 63
2016 130 45 153

In 2016, there were 117 external interventions and 36 internal interventions related to nuisance odours. 38 cases of nuisance odours reported in external interventions were confirmed by competent services. Each complaint was investigated individually, with utmost care. In the areas where nuisances were possible, substance concentrations were measured in automatic air monitoring stations and ongoing monitoring of weather conditions was undertaken. The technical services took steps to check whether the production, repair and maintenance processes were run correctly and to minimise the nuisance.

Interventions in 2016 took place mainly during maintenance work carried out at the oil processing complex, C4 derivatives complex, I-V reforming complex, cracking and alkylation unit, bitumen and oil processing unit, gas management complex, and the fuel unit. The maintenance work and preparations for process start-ups involved bleeding and purging of apparatuses, and steam cleaning of individual systems containing mixtures of hydrocarbons, which were then routed to the flare stack to be burnt there using methods mitigating the risk of releasing nuisance odours to the environment around the Plant.

In order to minimise the risk of such nuisance, decontamination technology was applied during the preparatory maintenance works to inactivate harmful substances in internal circulation. Nevertheless, those activities could be a source of temporary emissions. With winds from the north and adverse weather conditions, they could produce nuisance odours able to spread to the city.

Some external interventions were caused by disruptions in the operation of the Claus sulfur recovery unit and increased hydrogen sulfide content in the fuel gases. A few interventions were related to noise nuisance caused by the flare stack.

The higher number of interventions in Płock is a consequence of the increasing environmental awareness of the local community. It has been especially raised by intense public debate on the natural environment in Płock and on factors shaping it, which the Group took an active part in through its representatives. This approach, focused on dialogue between the entities affecting the environment and the local community, stimulates initiatives to identify more effective routes towards sustainable development, and thus more effective ways to care for the environment.

A total of nine grievances concerning environmental impacts were filed with two ORLEN Group companies, namely Paramo and Spolana. They were resolved in accordance with systematic internal procedures, and the filing persons received relevant feedback.

All the grievances filed with the companies were resolved in the reporting year.


The Płock production plant is the largest plant of the ORLEN Group. PKN ORLEN operates under a strictly regulated legal framework designed to ensure environmental protection.

All the plant emissions are subject to specific limits imposed by the restrictive EU and national legislation.

Integrated permit

PKN ORLEN was one of the first companies in the chemical industry to obtain the integrated permit. The permit covers emissions from over 70 emission points, that is all emission points on the premises of the Płock production plant, not only those directly associated with refining and petrochemical production, but also those relating to the on-site wastewater treatment plant.

The integrated permit defines the best available impact monitoring techniques that the plant is required to apply. More than 30 substances considered critical for human and environmental safety under the EU and Polish laws are monitored on an ongoing basis.

Regular activities of the Płock production plant are supervised by a number of independent institutions, including:

  • Provincial Inspectorate for Environmental Protection,
  • Chief Inspector for Environmental Protection,
  • Polish Centre for Accreditation
  • Bureau Veritas Certification,
  • National Sanitary Inspectorate (REACH)
  • National Labour Inspectorate,
  • Trade Inspection,
  • Customs Administration,
  • Supreme Audit Office,
  • Independent verifiers / auditors of management systems,
  • Certification bodies,
  • Public administration bodies,
  • Chief Building Inspection Office.

In 2016, a total of 25 inspections were carried out by independent institutions.

Pro-environmental investment projects

Environmental investment projects are a key component of PKN ORLEN’s long-term development strategy. Since 1990, total emissions from the Płock production plant have been reduced by at least five times, with crude processing up nearly 60%. Since that time, the Group has spent more than PLN 6.5bn on environmental projects.

How we protect the air in Płock

PKN ORLEN has completed the ‘Green Energy’ investment programme worth PLN 1.4bn. The key project under the Programme was the flue gas treatment unit, constructed for the sole purpose of reducing PKN ORLEN’s environmental footprint. The unit helped to reduce dust emissions by 88%, nitrogen oxides emissions by 48% and sulfur dioxide emissions by 95% in 2016 relative to 2015.

PKN ORLEN is testing an innovative technology for removing volatile organic compounds from polluted air streams. Gases generated in the plant’s sewage system are neutralised by selected, naturally occurring bacteria. The process takes place in a specially designed bioreactor, which ensures optimum conditions for the development and operation of the microorganisms. As a result, they can work faster, more efficiently, and in a much more volatile environment than they do in nature. Application of this method results in complete decomposition of pollutants into carbon dioxide and water. If the technology meets the expectations regarding reduction of malodorous compounds, PKN ORLEN plans to invest in complete tightening of the sewage system and construction of a reactor to neutralise all the gases it produces. If the project is implemented, its key advantages will be completely neutral environmental impact (the technology generates no by-products), safety of the bioprocesses taking place at a temperature of 25°C–30°C under normal atmospheric pressure, as well as low energy consumption.

In order to enhance the dialogue with the residents of Płock and to raise their awareness of important aspects of the plant’s operation, in 2016 PKN ORLEN started to hold regular meetings devoted to environmental protection.

Company name Address Website
ANWIL S.A. ul. Toruńska 222, 87-800 Włocławek
Basell Orlen Polyolefins Sp. z o.o. ul. Łukasiewicza 39, 09-400 Płock
BENZINA s.r.o. Na Pankráci 127, 140 00 Praha 4, Czech Republic
Centrum Edukacji Sp. z o.o. Al. Kobylińskiego 25, 09-400 Płock
Česká rafinérská a.s. Záluží 2, 436 01 Litrvínov, Czech Republic
Inowrocławskie Kopalnie Soli SOLINO S.A. ul. Św. Ducha 26a, 88-100 Inowrocław
ORLEN Administracja Sp. z o.o. ul. Chemików 7, 09-411 Płock
ORLEN Asfalt Sp. z o.o. ul. Łukasiewicza 39, 09-400 Płock
ORLEN Budonaft Sp. z o.o. ul. Fabryczna 1C, 34-600 Limanowa
ORLEN Centrum Serwisowe Sp. z o.o. ul. Wrocławska 58, 45-701 Opole
ORLEN Centrum Usług Korporacyjnych Sp. z o.o. ul. Łukasiewicza 39, 09-400 Płock
ORLEN Deutschland GmbH Kurt-Wagener- Str. 7, 25337 Elmshorn, Germany
ORLEN Eko Sp. z o.o. ul. Chemików 7, 09-411 Płock
ORLEN KolTrans Sp. z o.o. ul. Chemików 7, 09-411 Płock
ORLEN Laboratorium Sp. z o.o. ul. Chemików 7, 09-411 Płock
ORLEN Ochrona Sp. z o.o. ul. Chemików 7, 09-411 Płock
ORLEN OIL Sp. z o.o. ul. Opolska 100, 31-323 Kraków
ORLEN Paliwa Sp. z o.o. Widełka 869, 36-145 Widełka
ORLEN Południe S.A. ul. Fabryczna 22, 32-540 Trzebinia
ORLEN Projekt S.A. ul. Zglenickiego 42, 09-411 Płock
ORLEN Serwis S.A. ul. Chemików 7, 09-411 Płock
PARAMO a.s. Přerovská 560, Pardubice 530 06, Czech Republic
PETROLOT Sp. z o.o. ul. Bennetta 2, 02-159 Warszawa
Polski Koncern Naftowy ORLEN S.A. ul. Chemików 7, 09-411 Płock
Płocki Park Przemysłowo – Technologiczny S.A. ul. Łukasiewicza 39, 09-400 Płock
Public Company ORLEN Lietuva St. 75 Juodeikiai Village LT-89467 Mazeikiai District, Lithuania
Przedsiębiorstwo Przeładunku Paliw Płynnych Naftoport Sp. z o.o. ul. Kpt. ż. w. W. Poinca 1, 80-561 Gdańsk
SHIP-SERVICE S.A. ul. Waliców 11, 00-851 Warszawa
SPOLANA a.s. Práce, 657 Neratovice 277 11, Czech Republic
UNIPETROL DOPRAVA s.r.o. Růžodol 4, 436 70 Litvínov, Czech Republic
UNIPETROL RPA s.r.o. Záluží 1, 436 70 Litvínov, Czech Republic

Go to: